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Compensation in BPM

As of Advanced Pack v2.14.

Compensation mechanism is supposed to perform undo actions when something went wrong. Only successfuly completed activities can be compensated. Both tasks and sub-processes can be compensated.

Compensation is initiated by triggering a Compensation Event (usually from an error handler). The throwing compensation event can specify an activity's ID that needs to be compensated. If the ID is omitted, all visible compensable activities will be compensated in the order reverse to their instantiation.

By utilizing intermediate throwing compensation events it is possible to establish a specific order in which compensations will be executed.


Compensation can be applied only for activities that were successfuly completed. A sub-process that is not yet finished cannot be compensated from outside.

An activity is compensable if one of the two following conditions is met:

  • Activity has a Boundary Compensation Event attached that is associated with a compensation activity.
  • Activity is a sub-process that contains a Compensation Event Sub-Process.

Boundary compensation:

Compensation Intermediate Event (Boundary)

When a sub-process is compensated with the boundary event, the compensation activity does not have access to the sub-process internal state (called Black-Box compensation). To be able to access the internal state, use the Compensation Event Sub-Process inside the sub-process.

When the parent process initiates compensation for the sub-process activity, if there's no boundary compensation event attached to that actvity, it will check whether the sub-process contains an event sub-process with a compensation start event (called Compensation Handler). Then it executes the compensation handler. The compensation handler usually is supposed to explicitly throw compensation events to compensate activities of the sub-process.

Compensation event sub-process:

Compensation Start Event

An activity is considered visible from the throwing Event when:

  • It is contained in normal flow at the same level of the process/sub-process.
  • It is contained in the parent process/sub-process of an event sub-process in which the Event is contained.

In the same level:

Compensation End Event, same level

From the event sub-process:

Compensation End Event, event sub-process

Compensation events: